Between Reciprocity and Reflexivity: The Case of Czech Reciprocal Constructions

Reciprocity is generally understood as a complex of forms and patterns of mutuality, exchange
and symmetry. From the linguistic point of view, it is characterized by the fact that some
participants of the situation denoted in the sentence enter into symmetry. The main goal of the
project is to deepen the theoretical description of reciprocity in Czech and to propose its
adequate representation in both the grammar (in the form of formal grammatical rules covering
productive grammatical processes related to reciprocity) and the lexicon.

The project thus stresses a close interplay between theoretical research and its application to
extensive data annotation, which represents a fruitful strategy that fortifies both sides involved.
The theoretical findings will be presented in research publications. Further, the proposed model will be used
in the syntactic and lexicographic description of reciprocity within the electronic lexicon VALLEX -- the lexicon will be enhanced with the information on reciprocity as well as with formal rules for reciprocity within the VALLEX project.

The full project description can be found in the project proposal.





  • Kettnerová, V., Lopatková, M.: Reflexiva v češtině z valenčního hlediska. Talk, Seminar of Formal Linguistics, ÚFAL, MFF UK, 2019
  • Lopatková, M., Kettnerová, V.: Mezi reflexivitou a reciprocitou: Poznámky k reflexivním a recipročním konstrukcím vybraných českých sloves. Contributed talk, III. mezinárodní vědecká konference Výzkum slovesné valence ve slovanských zemích včera a dnes, Praha, Česká republika, 2018


  • Kettnerová, V., Lopatková, M.: The role of the reflexives in valency: Evidence from Czech. In Olga Spevak (ed.) SLE - 52nd Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea, Leipzig University, Lipsko, pp. 161-162, 2019
  • Lopatková, M., Kettnerová, V.: The Tricky Case of Czech Reflexives. Abstract, ITAT 2018, Informačné technológie -- Aplikácie a teória, Košice, Slovensko, Praha, 2018


  • Vernerová, A.: Lexicographic treatment of the valency aspects of verbal diatheses. Ph.D. thesis, Charles University, Prague, 275 pp., 2019


  • Kettnerová, V., Lopatková, M.: Ke způsobům vyjádření vzájemnosti v češtině. Slovo a slovesnost (submitted Nov 2018, resubmitted Oct 2019)
  • Kettnerová, V., Lopatková, M., Vernerová, A., Barančíková,  P.: Towards a Semi-Automatic Detection of Reflexive and Reciprocal Constructions and Their Representation in a Valency Lexicon. Language Resources and Evaluation Conference 2020 (submitted Nov 2019)
  • Verner, J., Vernerová, A.: PyVallex: A Processing System for Valency Lexicon Data. Language Resources and Evaluation Conference 2020 (submitted Nov 2019)
  • Panevová, J., Lopatková, M., Kettnerová, V.: Reciproka ve slovníku a v syntaxi (submitted Dec 2019)

under preparation

  • Kettnerová, V., Lopatková, M.: Reciprocity in Czech Light Verb Constructions: The Dependency Perspective.