SIS code: 
summer s.:6
2/2 C+Ex

Prague Dependency Treebank

Lectures: Markéta Lopatková

  • Wed, S11, 15:40-17:10 (in Czech)

Practical sessions: Jiří Mírovský

  • Thu, SU1, 12:20-13:50 (in Czech)



  • February 21: Introduction, trees, depencency (pdf);
    • reading: Kuhlmann, M., Nivre, J. (2006) Mildly Non-Projective Dependency Structures. In COLING/ACL Main Conference Poster Sessions, 507–514 (link).
  • March 7:  PDT in a nutshell (pdf);
    • reading: Hajičová, E., Panevová, J., Sgall, P. (2002) Úvod do teoretické a   počítačové lingvistiky, sv. I. Karolinum, Praha, chapter 5 (p. 82-112).
    • slides on FGD (pdf 1, pdf 2)
    • additional bibliography:
      • Sgall, P. (1967) Generativní popis jazyka a česká deklinace. Academia,   Praha
      • Sgall, P., Hajičová, E., Panevová, J. (1986) The Meaning of the Sentence   in Its Semantic and Pragmatic Aspects. Reidel, Dordrecht.
  • March 21: Morphological annotation (pdf); table with Czech positional morphological tags (pdf);
    • reading: Universal Dependencies - syntax, see the UDs web page;
  • April 4: Surface syntactic annotation (a-layer); Universal Dependencies;
  • April 18:
  • May 2:
  • May 16:

Final Test

Suggested dates:  TBA

Sample test

Anybody is allowed to take the test without completing homeworks; however, the final grade will be registered in SIS only after completing them.

Note: 40% of the total score for the final test is necessary for passing!

Useful Links


Practical (lab) sessions



Course schedule overview

  • Phrase trees, dependency trees, non-dependency relations.
  • Functional Generative Description, structural layers, coordination, differences between the theory and the PDT.
  • Lower layers in FGD, word-form and morphological layers in the PDT, asymmetric dualism.
  • Morphological information in UDs.
  • Analytical layer (prepositions, verbal complements, combined functions, modal verbs, word order).
  • Syntactic relations in UDs.
  • Tectogrammatical layer (structure, functors, tectogrammatical lemma, valency, grammatemes, ellipses, coreference, reflexivity, topic-focus articulation, personal names, direct speech).
  • Valency; PDT Vallex.
  • Annotation schema, data format (XML), tools (TrEd, PML-TQ).


  • All homeworks must be committed into the svn repository; do not send your homeworks by e-mail.
  • Submit your work into your personal directories.
  • There is an explicit deadline for submitting each homework - Tuesday before midnight.
  • If the deadline is not met, ask for additional homework. All homeworks must be submitted in order to get the credit (zápočet).
  • You can solve an additional homework even if you submitted the normal homework in time (i.e., you can improve your average by solving some of the additional homeworks).
  • You have to e-mail us to confirm your additional homework is ready to be rated. All additional homeworks must be submitted at least one week before the credit.
  • Each student is supposed to create all homework solutions himself/herself; any cheating will be penalised (but you can send us an e-mail if you are stuck).

Final grade

  • Homework (40%)
  • Activity (10%)
  • Final test (50%) ... Note: 40% of the total score for the final test is necessary for passing!
  • Excellent: >= 90 %
  • Very good: >= 70 %
  • Good: >= 50 %